Total joint arthroplasty is indicated when both the cup and the ball gets worn out. This is the most commonly done surgery and has good results in terms of pain and activity level. These surgeries may be cemented (where the artificial prosthesis are fixed to the bone with bone cement) or uncemented.
Knee is considered to be one of the most important joint in the body as it plays a leading role in bearing the body weight. Knee is the most common joint that gets worn out with age. Patients with diseases such as osteoarthritis, hemophilia, gout, rheumatoid arthritis etc. may also require knee replacement. When the knee joints get damaged, it is necessary to be replaced. The prosthesis used in joint replacements varies depending on patient factors and cost. The replaced knee can last for upto twenty five years depending on the activity level of the patient.
Shoulder replacement surgery is an option for treatment of severe arthritis of the shoulder joint. Arthritis is a condition that affects the cartilage of the joints. As the cartilage lining wears away, the protective lining between the bones is lost–when this happens, painful bone-on-bone arthritis develops. Severe shoulder arthritis is quite painful, and can cause restriction of motion. While this may be tolerated with some medications and lifestyle adjustments, there may come a time when surgical treatment is necessary.